Vision specialists are experts in the field of vision health care and provide eye care for patients who require them. They deal with many vision conditions, prescribe drugs, and carry out all kinds of vision and eye surgery to repair, improve, or even prevent the further worsening of vision and eye-related conditions.
Most ophthalmology specialists are also involved in the research and development of new ways to improve and treat vision and eye problems. Ophthalmology also deals with such vision disorders as cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, presbyopia, and trachoma and works to develop a better understanding of vision and eye disease.
Eye specialists also have an important role to play in prevention. They are the first line of defense against diseases of the eyes. Eye specialists take care of patients who are prone to diseases of the eye, particularly those that affect the central and peripheral vision.
Most eye specialists will only treat symptoms of diseases of the eye rather than the underlying causes. This is not always the case, however, since certain diseases of the eye can also be causes of other vision and eye conditions. The vision specialists have the tools and information to identify these underlying diseases and to treat them.
Most eye specialists specialize in the study of vision health and the prevention of vision-related problems, but some of them also study treatments for specific vision conditions, like glaucoma.
Glaucoma is a vision disorder that develops when there is a buildup of pressure inside the eye, usually caused by an eye infection, age-related macular degeneration, or exposure to laser light.
Glaucoma is extremely dangerous because it can result in vision loss and serious complications. Since there is no cure for glaucoma, the best that eye specialists can do is to reduce the severity of the symptoms, which can be done by prescribing medications such as artificial tears and lenses, which are worn on the cornea and the iris during the day and night, respectively.
In addition, a good eye examination and tests are done to rule out any other visual problems that might be causing glaucoma. In addition to their treatment of symptoms, the specialists focus on prevention as well.
For instance, glaucoma often occurs as an eye disease of middle age, because the lens gets thick and is no longer able to provide adequate oxygen to the eye. This creates the appearance of a “strained” or cloudy appearance around the cornea.
Eye specialists are highly skilled at detecting such signs of glaucoma, which can range from redness, irritation, or dryness around the cornea to difficulty opening the eyelids. They are able to detect these conditions and order appropriate eye drops and/or surgeries to reduce the symptoms.
One of the most important aspects of vision care is education. Since eye specialists are trained to evaluate and diagnose vision problems, they are knowledgeable about what the eye doctor can do for you to treat your vision problems.
Eye specialists are the first to identify conditions that may need to be treated by an ophthalmologist (eye doctor). Although some conditions can be corrected on their own through surgery, the goal of vision and eye care is not only to treat the symptoms of the disease, but to also prevent the disease from returning, and preventing future vision loss of vision.
Vision and eye care are also about taking an active role in the prevention of your vision and health. For example, many eye specialists teach people how to use a pair of glasses or contacts to avoid unnecessary distractions when using their eyes, or how to correct eye strain and vision problems.
People suffering from vision or eye problems can do their part in improving their vision and eye health by consulting with their doctor or specialist. There are many resources available to help people improve their vision and eye health, including home health agencies, schools and community organizations, and public libraries.